Northwestern Polytechnic University Cyber Security Research Paper Research on cyber securityIntroduction – Topic Overview/Background – Problem Statement –

Northwestern Polytechnic University Cyber Security Research Paper Research on cyber securityIntroduction – Topic Overview/Background – Problem Statement – Purpose Statement – Hypotheses/Propositions – Theoretical Perspectives/Conceptual Framework INSERT YOUR DISSERTATION TITLE
A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the Degree of
Doctor of Computer Science
By
Insert Your Name Here
University of the Cumberlands
Month Year
Committee
[Research Supervisor name], [Degree], Chair
[Committee Name], [Degree], Committee Member
[Committee Name], [Degree], Committee Member
_________________________________
Date Approved
© Insert Your Name Here, Insert the Year of Your Projected Final Presentation Here
i
Abstract
Insert your Abstract here in a single, double spaced paragraph using the following:
1. Includes a statement highlighting the problem under study.
2. Identifies the design (i.e., exploratory, phenomenological, quasi-experimental, correlation,
etc.) NOTE: Do not mention the method (qualitative/quantitative/design science) in the
abstract.
3. Identifies the study’s population and geographical location.
4. Identifies theoretical framework (quantitative) or conceptual framework (qualitative) that
grounded the study; theory/conceptual framework names are lower case.
5. Describes the data collection process (e.g., interviews, surveys, etc.).
6. Describes the data analysis process (e.g., modified van Kaam method) to identify themes in
qualitative studies; (e.g., t test, ANOVA, or multiple regression) to report statistical data in a
quantitative study. Do not present the names of software such as SPSS.
7. Identifies the themes that emerged from the study (qualitative) or presents the statistical
results from the study (quantitative).
8. Ensures the first line in the abstract is not indented.
9. Ensures Abstract does not exceed one page.
10. Uses plural verbs with data (e.g., the data were – the word data is the plural of datum).
Keywords: …
ii
Dedication
Add a Dedication, if desired.
iii
Acknowledgements
Add Acknowledgements.
iv
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements ………………………………………………………………………………………….. iv
Table of Contents ……………………………………………………………………………………………… v
List of Tables ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ix
List of Figures ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. x
Chapter One ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
Topic Overview/Background ……………………………………………………………………………… 1
Problem Statement ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
Purpose Statement …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2
Research Question ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Hypotheses/Propositions ……………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Theoretical Perspectives/Conceptual Framework………………………………………………….. 4
Assumptions/Biases ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5
Significance of the Study …………………………………………………………………………………… 5
Delimitations ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Limitations ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Definition of Terms…………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
General Overview of the Research Design …………………………………………………………… 7
Summary of Chapter One ………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
Organization of Dissertation (or Proposal) …………………………………………………………… 7
v
Chapter Two………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
Topic 1 Discussion ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Topic 1 Sub-Discussion 1 …………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Topic 1 Sub-Discussion 2 …………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Topic 1 Sub-Discussion 3 …………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Topic 2 Discussion ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Topic 2 Sub-Discussion 1 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 2 Sub-Discussion 2 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 2 Sub-Discussion 3 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 3 Discussion ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 3 Sub-Discussion 1 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 3 Sub-Discussion 2 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Topic 3 Sub-Discussion 3 …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Conceptual Framework ……………………………………………………………………………………. 11
Summary of Literature Review …………………………………………………………………………. 12
Chapter Three…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Research Tradition ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Research Question ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Hypotheses (Quantitative Study Only) ………………………………………………………………. 13
Research Design……………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
vi
Population and Sample ………………………………………………………………………………… 14
Sampling Procedure …………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
Instrumentation …………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
Validity ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16
Reliability…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17
Data Collection …………………………………………………………………………………………… 18
Data Analysis ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 21
Ethical Considerations …………………………………………………………………………………. 22
Summary of Chapter Three ………………………………………………………………………………. 22
Chapter Four ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24
Participant Demographics (if appropriate)………………………………………………………….. 24
Presentation of the Data …………………………………………………………………………………… 24
Presentation and Discussion of Findings ……………………………………………………………. 25
Summary of Chapter Four ……………………………………………………………………………….. 26
Chapter Five ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
Findings and Conclusions ………………………………………………………………………………… 27
Limitations of the Study…………………………………………………………………………………… 27
Implications for Practice ………………………………………………………………………………….. 28
Implications of Study and Recommendations for Future Research………………………… 28
Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28
vii
References …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30
Appendix A ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31
Appendix B ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
Appendix C ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 34
viii
List of Tables
Table 1 Table Name Here ………………………………………………………………………………………………….#
Table 2 Table Name Here ………………………………………………………………………………………………….#
Table 3 Table Name Here ………………………………………………………………………………………………….#
Table 4 Table Name Here ………………………………………………………………………………………………….#
Table 5 Table Name Here ………………………………………………………………………………………………….#
ix
List of Figures
Figure 1. Figure caption here……………………………………………………………………………………………..#
Figure 2. Figure caption here……………………………………………………………………………………………..#
x
CHAPTER ONE
Provide a concise introduction that introduces the topic and briefly establishes the main
ideas and context. Details of the topic will be presented in the next section, Topic
Overview/Background. Following is an organization suggestion:
Paragraph 1 – Start with sentence introducing the research topic (with a citation). Present
issues/concerns indicating research that is needed.
Paragraph 2 – Offer a general sentence on the goal of the study. In addition, offer a
benefit to individuals in your degree and concentration.
Paragraph 3 – Then, in the next paragraph, present the background of these
issues/concerns.
Paragraph 4 – Finally, include an overview paragraph that tells the reader what the
chapter is about.
Topic Overview/Background
The reader should have a sense of what is going on and why research is needed. Provide
context (who, what, when, and where) so the reader will be able to follow the study plan.
Citations should be utilized to support the content.
Ensure the areas below are addressed with citations:
Paragraph 1 – Why is topic of current interest (what is going on now to make this
important)?
Paragraph 2 – Lays the groundwork for what has been done in the research area.
Paragraph 3 – Why is the research area of importance to practical concerns?
All should be discussed as a practical issue for stakeholders, such as managers, business
administrators, or computer science specialists in your concentration.
1
Problem Statement
Start the section with a succinct statement on the problem as follows: The problem to be
addressed in the proposed study is …
Elements of a Problem Statement include (a) a cited statement of the problem (must use a
scholarly source), (b) anchor the problem using a number or statistic to illustrate its significance
for doctoral research, (c) identify the gap in the literature regarding the problem, and (d) indicate
how the proposed study might fill the gap.
This Problem Statement will ensure the aligning expectations are addressed:
•
The general issue/observation/problem in practice leads to the need for a study.
•
Citations are 5 years old or less from journal literature or Government databases.
•
Problem identified is a practical problem versus a theoretical problem.
•
Problem is directly connected to degree type and concentration.
Purpose Statement
Start the section with a succinct statement on the purpose as follows: The purpose of the
proposed study is to …
After stating the succinct statement of the purpose, which is aligned to the problem, the
following content should be considered for inclusion in the purpose statement:
•
Aligns with the problem statement.
•
Uses concise statements describing the intent of the study.
•
Indicates the reason for the study.
•
Research method is identified.
•
Research design is identified.
•
Qualitative studies identify the phenomenon/concepts.
2
•
Quantitative studies identify the variables/constructs.
•
Identifies specific population.
•
Identifies the number of participants.
•
Identifies the geographic location of the study.
Research Question
Research Question is aligned with problem and purpose (i.e., research question is the
problem stated as a question).
Research question is not answerable with a “Yes” or “No” response.
Research question guides the researcher’s thinking to ensure the proper data are
collected, which answers the problem in the problem statement or fills the noted gap.
Uses the Research Question Template Builder for qualitative research question.
Uses the following format for quantitative research question – To what extent, if any,
does (independent variable) relate to (dependent variable) for (participants) at (the research site)?
Hypotheses/Propositions
The determination of using hypotheses or propositions is dependent on the methodology.
Quantitative research questions use Hypotheses. Qualitative research questions use Propositions.
Other methods use Propositions. The heading is adjusted to one of the presented heading words.
Hypotheses – Quantitative research includes the following:
•
Rationale for the hypotheses is provided.
•
Both null and alternative hypotheses are provided.
•
Hypotheses are testable with each variable operationalized.
•
Phrasing of hypotheses reflects nature of analysis (i.e., comparison, relationship, or
association).
3
Propositions – Qualitative research includes the following:
Propositions are statements that relate key concepts in a logical way. Researchers use
propositions to assert a universal connection between the research concepts. Think of a
proposition as a statement of fact deduced by reasoning by indicating … what statements do you
have that are a foundation of this research? Who and what started your research problem? Who
has attempted to address the problem? What has led to the current state of the problem you are
researching?
Theoretical Perspectives/Conceptual Framework
Your framework is the theoretical perspective or conceptual boundary of your study.
Your problem is somewhere within the framework (theoretical perspective = quantitative;
conceptual framework = qualitative; but not both).
This section is a summary of what was first written in the Conceptual Framework section
of Chapter 2. Information is not presented unless found in Chapter 2.
No figure is presented in this section.
Each of the following are demonstrated within the Theoretical Perspectives or
Conceptual Framework:
•
Presents an overview of the broad conceptual and/or theoretical framework of the
study.
•
Describes how the research problem/questions are “bounded” by the framework.
•
Indicates the theory under which the research falls.
•
Establishes how proposed research “fits” with other research in the field.
•
Discusses issues, perspectives, and, if appropriate, controversies in the field.
4
•
Demonstrates familiarity with historical and current literature related to the discussion
in this section.
Assumptions/Biases
Two paragraphs are presented in this section … one for Assumptions and one for Biases.
Include personal experience in either paragraph including assumptions or biases you have
developed based on your experience.
For paragraph 1, begins with a definition of study assumptions with citation. Then,
address your assumptions specific to your study. Discuss how basic assumptions underlie the
research topic (i.e., facts are assumed to be true, but not verified). Discuss assumptions for the
research topic as well as the methodology. Clearly indicate where an assumption stops and
another begins within the writing.
For paragraph 2, begins with a definition of study biases with citation. Provide a clear
statement recognizing the possibility of biases. Then, address your biases specific to the study.
Discuss possible personal biases or preconceived ideas and values. Specify how biases will be
managed within the framework of the study. Clearly indicate where a bias stops and another
begins within the writing.
Significance of the Study
Indicates who the stakeholders are for the study. Indicates how the study will benefit
these stakeholders.
Each of the following areas are addressed:
•
Indicates a global reason for the study and its uniqueness.
•
Indicates the anticipated value or impact to the problem domain (i.e., what is specific
to business administration, computer science, or management).
5
•
Indicates who will benefit from the study’s results (i.e., the academic field, society, a
profession, the community, and/or a particular population).
Delimitations
Indicates the boundaries of the study set by the researcher.
Begins with a definition of study delimitations with citation. Then, addresses the
delimitations specific to your study. Indicates the variables you are controlling (or limiting).
Clearly indicates where a delimitation stops and another begins within the writing.
Limitations
Begins with a definition of study limitations with citation and …
•
Discusses limitations are the research aspects the researcher cannot control (i.e., the
potential weaknesses).
•
Discusses the variables the researcher cannot control or limit.
•
Indicates any limitations because of instrument validity/reliability issues.
Clearly indicates where a delimitation stops and another begins within the writing.
Definition of Terms
Presents definitions representing key operational terms or words that are unique and/or
critical to reader understanding (i.e., defined in an unusual manner or have more than one
definition)
Definitions are supported with citations while minimizing quotations.
The dictionary is not used to cite the definition of terms.
The following formats are used:
Term: The term is . . . (reference, year).
Phrase of words: The phrase of words is . . . (reference, year).
6
No more than 10 definitions will be used.
General Overview of the Research Design
This section aligns with the Summary of Chapter Three section.
Provides an overview of the study methodology and design.
Provides an overview of the study data collection plan.
Provides an overview of the study data analysis …
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