1 Thessalonians 1 & 2 Corinthians Questions Week #13 Discussion Topic Here is this Week’s Discussion Topic: In his First Letter to the Corinthians (an

1 Thessalonians 1 & 2 Corinthians Questions Week #13 Discussion Topic

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In his First Letter to the Corinthians (and as analyzed in Johnson’s subsequent commentary), we learn that St. Paul wrote this letter as a “response” to a community he had previously visited, a community that drifted away from his teachings and returned back to their old ways of sin.

Using 1 Corinthians and Johnson’s commentary as your starting point, explain what sins led to the division of the Church in Corinth. Explain Paul’s response for addressing these divisions. Not repeating previous discussion postings, explain how the difficulties of serving as a pastor of the First Century parallel the difficulties of the pastor in today’s age. What are the similarities and differences of the “weak Church” from the First Century vs. today? How do you address successfully a “weak” people today who fall back into the sins they were taught to avoid, based on the approach that St. Paul utilized almost 2000 years ago?

Instructions:

You must respond to the question(s) posted for the week in less than 12 hours.
Posting must be at least two paragraphs in length (4-6 sentences per paragraph), cited with references from the Online Lecture & Johnson#Chapters 11-12.
If I The Instructor response to your postings, then I will share with you his comments, and you will have 12 hours to respond to what the instructor asked you to do.
Response MUST be based exclusively from Online Lecture & Johnson#Chapters 11-12provided and NOT from any other outside sources.
Also, you need to answer completely the attached file named “Week #13 ACTIVITY – Pauline Literature II-2”
To answer the questions of that related to the video, kindly watch the video from this link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cAqy2g_syqku7DyiS…

VIP: KINDLY NOTE THAT I am Muslim and I just taking this course because it’s required to complete my degree plan at my school, so please take that in consideration when you write the response. Week #13
PAULINE LIT II:
1 THESSALONIANS
1&2 CORINTHIANS
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
1
St. Paul’s Letters at Sunday Mass
During the Liturgical Year, we read
from the following Pauline Letters as
our Second Reading at Mass:
• Cycle A: 1 Corinthians, Romans,
Philippians, 1 Thessalonians
• Cycle B: 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Ephesians
• Cycle C: 1 Corinthians, Galatians, Colossians,
Philemon, 1 & 2 Timothy, 2 Thessalonians
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
2
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
3
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
4
Questions for Discussion
• How was Paul received during his second
trip to Corinth? How was Paul treated
initially at Ephesus?
• According to the video presentation, what
was the main message Paul wished to stress
to the people of Corinth?
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
5
Questions for Discussion
• What is the supreme Christian value
purported by the author in 1 Cor 13?
• What problem did Paul experience in
Ephesus in 57 AD? How did the
Ephesians treated him?
• Paul retreated to Corinth in 57 AD. To
whom did he write at this time (the one
community he never visited)? Why did
he write to them?
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
6
Questions for Discussion
• On his way to Jerusalem, Paul began a
collection for the poor in the city. Acts
23 ff. described his subsequent arrest
and trial. What accusation did the Jews
levy against St. Paul?
• In 60 AD, Paul was brought to Festus
(the Roman governor) to stand trial
(Acts 25). Why did Festus grant Paul’s
request to stand trial in Rome?
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
7
VIDEO CLIP – Paul’s Trial and Journey to Rome
(From The History Channel’s “The Story of Paul the Apostle”)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
8
Introduction:
ABOUT PAULINE
LETERATURE
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
9
Introduction
• Paul’s letters as Christianity’s first
attempt to interpret Christ
• Theology of redemption became
central for Christian doctrine
• Some scholars: early Christianity
influenced more by Paul than by Jesus
• Almost one-third of New Testament
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
10
Introduction
• Paul second only to Jesus as
contributor to early Christianity
• Paul motivated by experience of a
revelation of Jesus Christ
• Creator and disseminator of influential view
of Jesus’ cosmic significance
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
11
Key Topics/Themes
• Jesus was the Son of God and the Messiah
foretold by the prophets of Israel
• By his death, Jesus had atoned for all men’s sins
and opened heaven for humanity
• The Mosaic Law had, by the fact of
Jesus’ salvation, been abrogated and
replaced by the Law of Jesus. There was,
therefore, no longer any distinction
between Jew and Gentile.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
12
Paul’s Letters: Authenticity
• Written by Paul Himself: Philemon
Probably (parts) written by scribe,
• “dictated” by Paul: Romans, 1
Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, 1
Thessalonians, and Philippians (all but
the last are also known as “Travel
Letters” or “The Great Letters”)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
13
Paul’s Letters: Authenticity
Deutero-Pauline: (by close associates
in Paul’s name) Ephesians, (and most
likely) Colossians and 2 Thessalonians
Pseudo-Pauline: (later compositions
written by Pauline community after
Paul’s death; also called the
“Pastoral Letters”), which include 1
Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
14
Paul’s Mission & Ministry
• The two key elements to this question are
SPOKEN WORD and PERSONAL
PRESENCE. Faith comes through hearing,
as opposed to reading. We hear the
gospel; we do not read it. Thus, to carry
out his mission, Jesus sends Paul out
with something to reveal to the people
(literally ?phth?, or “revealed” in an
indescribable way)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
15
Paul’s Mission & Ministry
• Mission: God sending Paul to the people with
something revealed (?phth?)
• Ministry: How Paul deals with the needs of
the people he is bring the mission to.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
16
Paul’s Letters vs. Epistles
• An Epistle includes anything
written especially for publication
or the artistic effect.
• A Letter includes materials in which
the “soul life of antiquity” was
exposed-materials written purely for
the momentary needs of situations.
Paul wrote letters, not epistles.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
17
Paul’s Letters: Language
• Both his parents were Roman citizens. It is safe
to assume that Paul’s earliest language as Koin?
Greek, the household language of all educated
Roman citizens throughout the empire. Paul was
sent at an early age to Jerusalem to attend Bible
school. Studying with a famous rabbi, Gamaliel,
he learned to write in both Greek and Hebrew
and became thoroughly versed in the law.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
18
Paul’s Letters: Content
• The letters usually met specific needs of
the community. Paul only sent letters
when he could not personally speak to a
group of people. Paul could not keep up
with the conversions of Christianity, so he
wrote letters.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
19
Paul’s Letters: Content
• Paul’s letters were always meant to be
read in a community setting aloud.
Paul did not have the intent to read
them; the lector did.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
20
Paul’s Use of the Letter Form
• Letters as substitutes for his presence
• Impressive pieces of literary rhetoric
• Imitated by writers of later New Testament
“letters”
• Often dictated letters according to custom of
the day (e.g., Rm 16: 22)
• Usually wrote to address Church crises
• Paul’s concern always pastoral
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
21
Paul’s Letters: Literary Genre
• If Paul expects his letter to be read in an
assembly, then the literary style of the
letter parallels specific assembly itself…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
22
Paul’s Letters: Literary Genre
• In his corpus, the authentic Pauline letters
follow the traditional Greek genre or style,
which follows these characteristics:
1.
The Philophronesis, expressing a
friendly relation between two people
2.
The Parousia (thanksgiving) the presence
or existence of friendship between parties
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
23
Paul’s Letters: Literary Genre
• In his corpus, the authentic Pauline letters
follow the traditional Greek genre or style,
which follows these characteristics:
3.
The Omilia or Dialogus, the main
body of the letter
4.
The closing, which offers good tidings
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
24
The Pauline “Signature”
• Paul spoke to the scribe, who wrote
Paul’s words down in the scribe’s style.
Paul would verify the scribe’s work with
his own “signature” at the end of the
letter. These signatures include…
• Gal 6: 11; 1 Cor 16: 21; Pm 1: 19; see
also 2 Th 3: 17 (Deutero-Pauline)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
25
Summary
• Letters to be considered in probable
order of composition
• Need to be aware of Paul’s
eschatological orientation
• Mysticism and eschatology
• The centrality and preeminence of Jesus
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
26
Summary
• Christ and humanity
• The faithful as Christ’s body
• Christ as liberator from sin, Torah, and
death
• Christ’s universal sufficiency
Justification by faith
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
27
Introduction:
THE EARLY
PAULINE LETTERS
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
28
Key Topics/Themes
1 Thessalonians
? Nearness of the eschaton
? Warnings against attempting to
calculate date of the Parousia
1 Corinthians
? Paul’s aims to heal divisions
in the church
? Specific instructions concerning
doctrine, ethics, and church order
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
29
Key Topics/Themes
2 Corinthians
? Overcoming apostolic opponents
? Paul’s reconciliation with the
Corinthian church
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
30
Introduction
• Paul’s early letters
dominated by
eschatology
• Paul battling opponents within
and outside his churches
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
31
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
32
Basic Information
• In 1 Thessalonians (51–52 AD), Paul renews
his friendship with a young community in
Macedonia he had founded who had just
converted from paganism. Paul offers advice
on various issues, especially the second
coming of Christ.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
33
About 1 Thessalonians
• Paul congratulates the Thessalonians on their
fidelity to the gospel that he had proclaimed
while among them and urges them to remain
steadfast in the faith. He warns them against
sensuality and various forms of self-seeking,
which are contrary to the spirit of the Christian
way of life.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
34
About 1 Thessalonians
• The main purpose of Paul’s letter is to deal
with a special problem that developed after
Paul left the city. Paul shared with the
Christians at Thessalonica his belief that the
end of the age would come in the very near
future.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
35
About 1 Thessalonians
• In part an inheritance from Jewish
APOCALYPTICISM, this belief held that the
messianic kingdom would be ushered in
by a sudden catastrophic event, at which
time the heavenly Messiah would descend
on the clouds of heaven with power and
great glory.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
36
About 1 Thessalonians
• When the first Christians accepted the idea
that the man who had died on the cross was
the real Messiah, they were convinced that
he must return to earth to complete the work
that he had begun.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
37
About 1 Thessalonians
• The manner of his second coming was
conceived in accordance with the apocalyptic
conceptions. This belief was common among
the early Christians, and Paul accepted it
along with the rest.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
38
About 1 Thessalonians
• In his statement regarding Jesus’
second coming, Paul says that he has in
no way abandoned his faith that the
return of Jesus to this earth will take
place in the near future.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
39
About 1 Thessalonians
• Concerning those who died or who might die
before Jesus returns, he states that they will
be raised from the dead and will share
equally with those who are still living at that
time: “For the Lord himself, with a word of
command… will come down from heaven,
and the dead in Christ will rise first.” (1 Th 4:
16)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
40
About 1 Thessalonians
• To this statement, Paul adds, “Then we who
are alive, who are left, will be caught up
together with them in the clouds to meet the
Lord in the air.” (1 Th 4: 17)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
41
About 1 Thessalonians
• The letter closes with a reminder that the
Day of the Lord will come as a thief in the
night. No one knows just when it will
come, but all are admonished to live in
such a way that they will be ready for it at
any moment.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
42
Basic Information
• Oldest surviving Christian document
• Appears to be primarily Gentile church
• Paul calls himself “father” to this Church
(2: 11)
• Church must prepare for Parousia (the
second coming of Christ) by leading a life
worthy of God (2: 12) for God’s will is their
sanctification (4: 3)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
43
Basic Information
• Holiness in God’s eyes is to live an “otherworldly” life (1: 9-10)
• Presence of the Spirit in the church a sign of
the impending End (1: 6; 4: 8; 5: 19)
• Warning not to “stifle inspiration” in the
church
• Affliction will be the result of this type of life
(1: 6; 2: 14)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
44
The Kerygma
• 1 Thessalonians 4: 1-2
• Finally, brothers, we earnestly ask and exhort
you in the Lord Jesus that, as you received
from us how you should conduct yourselves to
please God (= Kerygma or “good news”) and
as you are conducting yourselves – you do so
even more.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
45
The Parousia & Resurrection
• Concern at Thessalonica over eternal
destiny of dead Christians – The Church
did not need to worry about members who
had recently died. Christ would soon return
and those who had died would be raised
from the dead.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
46
The Parousia & Resurrection
• Describes Parousia using typical
apocalyptic language
• Warnings against attempts to calculate
the “dates and times”
• Day of the Lord will come “like a thief
in the night”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
47
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
48
About 2 Thessalonians
Paul’s Second Epistle to the Thessalonians
is in one sense a follow-up to the first
letter. Evidently, the first letter was well
received. People were satisfied with Paul’s
explanation concerning those who died
and were ready and willing to suffer
persecution if need be in order to remain
true to the gospel that Paul preached.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
49
About 2 Thessalonians
However, some members of the Christian
community were so overly zealous about
Paul’s teaching that the end of the age was
near at hand that they stopped making any
plans for the future; some of them stopped
doing any work at all, believing that in this
way they were demonstrating their faith in
the nearness of the great event.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
50
About 2 Thessalonians
Those who did not work were a burden to
those who did work, and this situation
constituted a new problem. Paul addresses
this concern in his second letter.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
51
About 2 Thessalonians
Paul says that the Antichrist’s activities
are already in operation and would be
carried out more fully except that he is
now being restrained. (Presumably, Paul
means that the Roman government is
restraining the Antichrist.)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
52
About 2 Thessalonians
In due time, the Antichrist will be
revealed, and “the Lord Jesus will
overthrow [the Antichrist] with the
breath of his mouth and destroy by
the splendor of his coming.”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
53
About 2 Thessalonians
The letter closes with an admonition
to the Thessalonians to continue their
regular lines of work and not to wait
in idleness for the return of Jesus.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
54
Basic Information
2 Thessalonians is considered a
“Deutero-Pauline” Letter (written
probably by the Pauline School but
not by Paul himself), mostly because
the eschatology of 2 Thessalonians
differs from 1 Thessalonians…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
55
Basic Information
• II Thessalonians is less intimate
and personal than its predecessor
• II Thessalonians implies that the
Parousia will come much sooner
than 1 Thessalonians suggests
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
56
Basic Information
On the opposing camp, some scholars
hypothesize that if Paul did write II
Thessalonians, it probably was written
some time right after 1 Thessalonians.
?
?
?
The Thessalonians accepted the text
as true Pauline
Paul “amends” the concept of the
Parousia from 1 Thessalonians
Paul signs II Thessalonians “by his own hand”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
57
Basic Information
The tone of 2 Thessalonians is
definitely sharper than that of the first
letter. The persecution is spoken of in
more explicit terms (1: 3–5). The
judgment awaiting the persecutors is
more dramatic (1: 6–9). (Johnson)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
58
Basic Information
II Thessalonians states that “A Man
of Sin” must first desecrate the
Jerusalem Temple before the
Parousia of Christ would happen (II
Th 2: 3) – the end time was at hand.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
59
Paul’s Letter to the
Church at Corinth
I CORTINTHIANS:
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
60
Introduction
• Paul spends a year and a half in
Corinth (1 Cor 4: 15; 16: 19), making
converts of the residents and
establishing the Church there
• 1 Corinthians not Paul’s first letter
to Corinth
• 2 Corinthians likely a composite letter
• Letters reveal two-way correspondence
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
61
About First Corinthians
Although they were called into a fellowship
(Koin?nia) with Jesus, they are in fact destroying
that unity by their factiousness. Paul exhorts them
therefore to have the same mind (Nous) and
judgment (Gn?m?) among themselves (1: 10). By
this he means more than mere unanimity.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
62
About First Corinthians
The same mind they should have is
that formed by the one with whom they
have been joined: they should have
the “mind of Christ” (2: 16). Their party
spirit has “divided Christ” (1: 13).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
63
About First Corinthians
Factions and rivalries are characteristic of
human gatherings in which people define
themselves by their knowledge, power, or
prestige. In God’s church, such
measurements do not apply.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
64
About First Corinthians
Paul’s advice must move in a delicate
space between two extremes in the
congregation. Both extremes wanted to
avoid ambiguity by reducing norms to
slogans. Some pushed Paul’s gospel of
freedom to a virtual antinomianism:
“All things are lawful for me” (6: 12).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
65
About First Corinthians
For them, spiritual identity is secure and
unassailable; material and social realities
are strictly irrelevant: “Food for the
stomach, the stomach for food” (6: 13).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
66
About First Corinthians
They place great store in their knowledge
– “All of us possess knowledge” (8: 1)
– and consider their spiritual state to
be sufficiently secure to enable them
to engage the world indiscriminately.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
67
About First Corinthians
Paul calls them “The Strong” (4: 10; 10:
22); they tended to be arrogant and
contemptuous of those who worried
about behavioral norms as a safeguard
for identity, namely the people Paul
calls “The Weak” (8: 7–10).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
68
About First Corinthians
The Weak were convinced that Christian
identity was fragile, requiring definite social
practices different from those of society.
Sexual activity should be distinctive and
radical: “It is good not to touch a woman”
(7: 1). Food and drink could contaminate;
thus it was better to maintain a more rigid
diet, avoiding contact with pagan practices.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
69
About First Corinthians
Paul agrees intellectually with the
position of the strong; his bias is always
for freedom. But his understanding of this
freedom or power (Exousia) is different. If
one’s identity is secure, it is because it is
based in God (1: 6), not in one’s own
accomplishments. Therefore, rather than
boast of their superiority, “The Strong”
should build up “The Weak.”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
70
The City and Its People
• Located in Greece; a port city
• Large, prosperous, libertine
• Aphrodite the patron goddess
• Church members from various
• backgrounds
• Resulting strife in Corinthian church
Paul’s challenge: to bring unity
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #13
71
Basic Information
1 Corinthians presents Paul’s advice on
divisions in the community, incest,
lawsuits, sexual (incestua…
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