A diet high in saturated fat supports normal fertility.
The DRIs for a pregnant woman are increased compared to those for a nonpregnant female of the same age.
The goal for preconceptual nutrition is to supply the energy, nutrients, and fiber needed for maternal structural changes and function.
Preeclampsia is the term used to describe high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Taking a prenatal supplement insures dietary adequacy of the macronutrients.
Normal cell division is called:
Prenatal weight gain is based upon:
a. Maternal girth circumference
b. Maternal blood pressure
c. Maternal height
d. Maternal BMI
e. Maternal fasting blood sugar
Which of the following is a health issue that may develop during pregnancy?
d. Hearing loss
e. Gestational diabetes
Regular prenatal exercise can:
a. Promote bone loss
b. Elevate LDL cholesterol
c. Control weight gain
d. Decrease muscle tone
e. Cause constipation
a. Feeding the infant during the first year of life
b. A process to feed mammalian offspring
c. A nutritionally inadequate process to feed infants during the first few months of life
d. A postpartum avoidable event
e. A process that extends the recovery process of pregnancy
Malnutrition causes failure to thrive.
Babies should be held during breast or bottle feedings.
Positive feedback keeps breast milk flowing to a suckling infant.
Uterine contractions are a benefit to a mother who breastfeeds her baby.
The dietary need for fat is low during infancy.
At what age would an infant or child likely begin to transition from a bottle to a sippy cup?
a. Six months
b. Nine months
c. Twelve months
d. Twenty-four months
e. Thirty-six months
In childhood, _________ is involved in the psychological and social aspects of eating.
c. Food texture
d. A and B
e. A, B, and C
During infancy, essential fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids function in:
a. Cognitive development
b. Maturation of the retina
c. Brain growth
d. Central nervous system function
e. All of the above
Which of the following statements is false regarding maternal and infant nutrition?
a. Vitamin K injections are given at birth
b. The need for iodine is high
c. Breast fed infants may need vitamin D supplements
d. Vegan mothers produce the most nutritious breast milk
e. Fluoride is needed for tooth formation
Which of the following is the best sequence for introducing foods to an infant?
a. Breast milk, real fruit juice, wheat cereal, and then strained meat and vegetables
b. Breast milk, iron fortified rice cereal, strained cooked vegetables, and then mashed fruit
c. Breast milk, chopped meats, pureed fruits, and then diced raw fruits and vegetables
d. Cow’s milk, beef, corn, and then honey and herbal teas
e. Infant formula, fruit and vegetable juice, nuts and seeds, and then chopped
A child in the 25th percentile for weight-for-age is considered underweight.
A lack of healthy eating and activity patterns promotes childhood obesity.
Having a regular meal and snack schedule supports the eating process during childhood.
Most food rituals and jags experienced during childhood persist into adolescence.
Children should always be in positive energy balance to support growth and development.
An undernourished child may experience:
a. More frequent sickness
c. Less social behavior
d. Less curiosity
e. All of the above
In the division of responsibility, it is the child’s job to determine:
a. What to eat
b. When to eat
c. Where to eat
d. How much to eat
e. None of these answers
All of the following affect childhood eating except the:
a. Color of the food
b. Texture of the food
c. Taste of the food
d. Nutritional value of the food
e. Temperature of the food
Which of the following statements is false regarding nutrient needs during childhood?
a. Adequate fiber will reduce constipation.
b. Fat provides an important source of energy.
c. Calcium needs are high to support bone growth.
d. Fluid and electrolyte replacement drinks are needed to prevent dehydration.
e. Low iron intake increases the risk of anemia
Which of the following statements is false regarding childhood diet and health?
a. Daily physical activity is needed.
b. One-third of the DRI for several nutrients are provided by the National School Lunch Program.
c. Adult health conditions like hypertension rarely occur during childhood.
d. Food allergy is a genetic condition.
e. Lead toxicity negatively affects brain function.
The protein need during adolescence may in reality fluctuate based on physiological demand (growth spurts) rather than chronological age or the DRI for protein.
It is normal for boys and girls to gain more than 50 pounds in body weight during adolescence.
Adolescents should engage in 60 minutes of daily physical activity.
Hormonal changes are most commonly the cause of acne in adolescents.
Proper nutrition is needed to support adolescent growth and development.
There is a decline in __________ consumption by adolescent girls.
b. Processed food
d. B and C
e. A, B, and C
Which of the following is an eating disorder that is characterized by self-induced starvation?
a. Anorexia nervosa
b. Bulimia nervosa
d. Binge eating disorder
e. Celiac disease
Which of the following statements is false regarding puberty?
a. There are sexual maturity ratings by developmental stage.
b. It is a time of reproductive maturation.
c. It is hormonally driven.
d. Girls usually mature earlier than boys.
e. Most boys and girls have adult type pubic hair by age 13
Which of the following statements is false regarding energy and nutrients during adolescence?
a. Insufficient Calorie intake can hinder growth and development.
b. The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for total fat is 25-35 percent of Calories.
c. Iron deficiency anemia is more common in boys than girls.
d. Vitamin D is needed to support bone mineralization.
e. Zinc is important for growth and development.
Food and lifestyle choices during adolescence are largely influenced by:
d. A and B
e. A, B, and C
With aging, neurological function is reduced.
Hypertension is a leading medical condition in older adults.
Dentures are more effective than natural teeth in chewing food.
The social network plays an important role in the health of the older adult.
Calorie needs increase after age 65.
Which of the following is associated with increased life expectancy?
a. Skipping meals
b. Increasing Calorie intake
c. Thyroid disorders
d. Managing stress
e. Bone mass declines most significantly as a result of:
All of these answers
e. Macular degeneration
All of the following nutrients are needed for brain function except:
c. Vitamin B12
d. Saturated fat
e. Vitamin E
Which of the following is a food assistance program specifically for older people?
a. Women Infants and Children
b. The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program
c. The Nutrition Services Incentive Program
d. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
e. All of these answers
Which of the following statements is false regarding diet and health issues in older adults?
a. Stimulating foods and beverages disturb sleep
b. Herbal remedies help alleviate menopause symptoms in some women
c. Oxidative stress and low antioxidant nutrient status may be implicated in Alzheimer’s disease
d. There are no dietary recommendations to prevent macular degeneration
e. Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil may improve arthritis.
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